Unit 2 – Part 1

VOCABULARY

BASIC VOCABULARY FOR Unit 2 – Part 1

WORKSHEETS

AUDIO TRACKS + TRANSCRIPTS

♪ 1-23 MODEL SENTENCES (p.28)

What time do you usually get up on weekdays?
ふだんは平日何時に起きますか?
What time do you usually get up on weekdays?
Fudan wa heijitsu nanji ni okimasu ka?
What time do you normally get up on weekends?
ふつうは週末何時に起きますか?
What time do you normally get up on weekends?
Futsu wa shumatsu nanji ni okimasu ka?
I usually get up around 7:30.
ふだんは7時半頃起きます。
I usually get up around 7:30.
Fudan wa shichiji han goro okimasu.
「What time do you usually get up on weekdays?」のところを見てみましょう。英語で質問したり答えたりする際に、「usually」や「normally」、「around」などの修飾語を付けなくても文法的には間違いではありませんが、どうにも素っ気なく機械的な印象を与えてしまいます。会話の時には、正確過ぎないくらいがちょうどいいでしょう。
例えば、I get up at 7.ではなく、I get up around 7.と言うようにしましょう。
What time do you normally get up on weekends?
While it’s technically okay to ask or answer a question without “usually”, “normally” or “around”, it sounds very stiff and robotic if you do. In conversation, it’s best to avoid being overly specific.
△ I get up at 7.◯ I get up around 7.

♪ 1-24 MODEL SENTENCES (p.29)

How long does it take you to get ready in the morning?
朝、身支度をするのにどのくらいの時間がかかりますか?
How long does it take you to get ready in the morning?
Asa, mijitaku o suru no ni dono kurai no jikan ga kakarimasu ka?
It takes me around ten minutes.
10分くらいかかります。
It takes me around ten minutes.
Juppun kurai kakarimasu.
「It takes me around ten minutes.」
この「モデル文」の中の「you」や「me」は、付けても付けなくても構いません。特に誰のことについて話しているかをはっきりさせたいときには、「you」や「me」を付けて話すとよいでしょう。
It takes me around ten minutes.
The use of “you” and “me” in these Model Sentences is optional. Use these words if you need to make it extra clear about who you are talking about.

♪ 1-25 SOUNDING NATURAL NOTE: Give yourself time to think (p.30)

Sounding Natural Note: Give yourself time to think Sounding Natural Note: Give yourself time to think
たとえどんなに簡単な質問であっても、聞かれたときにすぐ答えられるとは限りません。例えば、「How long does it take you to have breakfast?(朝ご飯を食べるのにどのくらいの時間がかかりますか?)」という質問は、決して答えにくいものではありませんが、朝ご飯にかかる時間を常に頭に置いている人も珍しいので、多くの場合やはり少しは考える時間が必要でしょう。そんなとき、つい日本語で「ええと」や「どうだろう」などと口にしてしまうかもしれませんが、ぜひそれも英語で言ってみてください。次のような表現を使えば、格好良く自然に会話がつながります。 After someone asks you a question, it’s quite common to need a few moments to think about your answer, even if the question itself is easy to understand. For example, while a question like “How long does it take you to have breakfast?” is not difficult, since this topic is not something most people regularly think about, it’s natural to need some time to think of your reply. Here is a tip for sounding more natural in English: instead of unconsciously using Japanese thinking sounds such as eeto or doudaro, try these common English sounds and expressions:
um
ah
hm
oh
Let’s see
Let me see
That’s a good question
That’s a difficult question
um
ah
hm
oh
Let’s see
Let me see
That’s a good question
That’s a difficult question