Unit 5 – Part 3

VOCABULARY

BASIC VOCABULARY FOR Unit 5 – Part 3

WORKSHEETS

AUDIO TRACKS + TRANSCRIPTS

♪ 2-42 MODEL SENTENCES (p.76)

Do you have any hobbies?
何か趣味はありますか?
Do you have any hobbies?
Nanika shumi wa arimasu ka?
Yes, I play the guitar.
はい、ギターを弾きます。
Yes, I play the guitar.
Hai, gitaa o hikimasu (ensou shimasu).
Yes, I have been playing the guitar for ten years.
はい、10年間ずっとギターを弾いています。
Yes, I’ve been playing the guitar for ten years.
Hai, 10 nenkan zutto gitaa o hiite imasu.
Yes, I have been playing the guitar since I was in high school.
はい、高校のときからずっとギターを弾いています。
Yes, I’ve been playing the guitar since I was in high school.
Hai, koukou no toki kara zutto gitaa o hiite imasu.
No, but I played the guitar when I was in high school.
いいえ、でも高校にいたときギターを弾きました。
No, but I played the guitar when I was in high school.
Iie, demo koukou de (koukou ni ita toki) gitaa o hikimashita.
No, but I used to play the guitar in high school.
いいえ、でも高校でギターを弾いていました。
No, but I used to play the guitar in high school.
Iie, demo koukou de (koukou ni ita toki) gitaa o hiite imashita.
「for ten years」 「since I was in high school」のところを見てください。「for」は時間の長さを示すのに使われているのに対して、「since」は、いつそれを始めたのかという特定の時点を示すために使われています。 for ten years / since I was in high school
Remember that “for” emphasises the length of time, whereas “since” emphasises the specific beginning point.
「when I was in high school」の「when I was」というフレーズは、付けても付けなくても意味は変わらないので、なくても構いません。 when I was in high school
The phrase “when I was” is optional, and there is no difference in meaning if you use it or not.
I played the guitar when I was in high school.
または
I played the guitar in high school.
I played the guitar when I was in high school.
or
I played the guitar in high school.

♪ 2-43 SOUNDING NATURAL NOTE: The difference between “hobby” and “free time activity” (p.77)

Sounding Natural Note: The difference between “hobby” and “free time activity” Sounding Natural Note: The difference between “hobby” and “free time activity”
「hobby」は日本語では通常、「趣味」と訳されています。しかし、日本語の「趣味」という言葉には、「hobby」と「free time activity」の両方の意味が含まれています。英語では、両者に明確な違いがあるので注意が必要です。「hobby」は、自分が楽しむためにすすんで行うもので、多かれ少なかれ上達するための創造的・自発的な活動を伴うものです。寝ることや音楽を聴くことなどの受動的な活動は「hobby」にはなりません。次の例で確認してください。 “Hobby” is usually translated in Japanese as shumi. But the Japanese word shumi has a wider meaning that encompasses both “hobby” and/or “pastime (free time activity)”. In English, there is a clear distinction: a hobby is an activity that you actively choose to do for your pleasure, one that also involves a degree of creativity of self-development. Passive activities, such as sleeping or listening to music, are not considered hobbies.
まず、使い方の良くない例から聞いてみましょう。
A: Do you have any hobbies?
B: Yes, I like to sleep.
X
A: Do you have any hobbies?
B: Yes, I like to sleep.
次に、良い使い方の例を聞いてみましょう。
A: Do you have any hobbies?
B: Yes, I play the guitar.
O
A: Do you have any hobbies?
B: Yes, I play the guitar.
なお、「習い事」については、自分からすすんで始めたとは限らないので、正確には「hobby」とは言いにくいところがあります。とはいえ、そこで会話を途切れさせてしまうのももったいないので、「It’s not really a hobby, but…」と最初に付け加えて会話を進めていくといいでしょう。次の例を聞いてみましょう。 In the case of narai goto, those activities that you perhaps did not choose to do yourself, you should mention them to keep the conversation flowing by first adding something like, “It’s not really a hobby, but…”.
A: Do you have any hobbies?
B: Well, it’s not really a hobby, but I’ve been playing the piano for 10 years.
A: Do you have any hobbies?
B: Well, it’s not really a hobby, but I’ve been playing the piano for 10 years.

♪ 2-44 MODEL SENTENCES (p.78)

What hobbies would you like to do someday?
将来どのような趣味をしてみたいですか?
What hobbies would you like to do someday?
Shourai dono youna shumi o shite mitai desu ka?
I’d like to try yoga.
ヨガをやってみたいです。
I’d like to try yoga.
Yoga o yatte mitai desu.
「 I’d like to try yoga」
将来どのような趣味をしてみたいかについて聞かれたら、「暗黙の質問」の「Why?」にも意識的に答えるようにしましょう。次のような表現を使ってみてください。
I’d like to try yoga
After saying what hobby you’d like to do someday, try to answer the implicit question “why?” if you can. You could use expressions such as:
- I’ve always wanted to do that.
- I really enjoy ◯◯.
- I want to ◯◯.
- I’ve always wanted to do that.
- I really enjoy ◯◯.
- I want to ◯◯.